South Sudan, Mingkamam (Lakes State), 4 April 2014

Working with NGO partners in the country, WFP has reached more than 502,000 people affected by the conflict and is expanding assistance each day to reach more people in need of support. WFP plans to assist an additional 275,000 in the next month through the use of a combination of airdrops, airlifts and river transport.

Mobile distribution teams are being deployed in remote, hard-to-reach areas in order to support the crisis response.  The teams now include staff from other UN agencies including UNICEF, and in the coming weeks will be expanded to include FAO and NGO partners.  Teams are currently in the field providing food assistance in Akobo (Jonglei State), Nyal and Mayendit (Unity State) and Kodok (Upper Nile). WFP mobile teams have previously distributed assistance to some 85,000 conflict-affected people in five locations: Ganyiel (Unity State), Old Fangak, Lankien and Pibor (Jonglei State) and Nassir County (Upper Nile State.)

WFP continues to assist people sheltering in UN compounds and other IDP populations. More than 67,000 people are sheltering in UN compounds.
 WFP is facing serious challenges in transporting food to deep field locations due to access and security concerns. This is hampering our annual pre-positioning exercise, in which we stock up warehouses in areas that will become inaccessible when the rains start in April/May. 
Despite immense challenges due to insecurity, including looting and commandeering of trucks belonging to commercial transporters contracted by WFP, we have dispatched more than 41,000 metric tons of food around the country since the start of the year.

In the photos:  as WFP extends its activities to reach more and more people affected by the conflict in remote areas of South Sudan, it is also continuing to assist tens of thousands people sheltering in Mingkamam, where WFP has been providing food assistance since December.

Mingkamam in the Lakes State hosts about 85,000 internally displaced people. Many of them used boats to cross the White Nile from Bor in neighbouring Jonglei State to find safety in Mingkamam, which is in Awerial County.

Photos: WFP/Giulio d’Adamo

South Sudan: South Sudanese Need Food And Peace

The ongoing conflict in South Sudan is uprooting families and paralysing the food markets they depend on. Thousands are forced to flee their homes.

A joint report by the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) found that the States most affected by the conflict (Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity) were also the most food insecure prior to the conflict. These are also the areas with the highest deficits in cereal production — large amounts must be trucked in to supply markets. Even in good times, people in these states spend most of their income on food.

 “The crisis is hurting food security in South Sudan in part because of disruption to trade routes and food markets. WFP will continue using airdrops and airlifts, as well as land transport using trucks, to get food supplies to the displaced people.”

We have provided lifesaving food assistance and nutrition support to nearly 800,000 people in South Sudan since the crisis began in mid-December, including more than 450,000 people displaced or directly affected by the conflict. Food assistance has also gone to another 335,000 people enrolled in existing projects for refugees or other vulnerable groups. The goal is to scale up assistance to support 2.5 million people in South Sudan over the coming months.

All photos Tongping IDP camp: WFP/Giulio d’Adamo

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Uganda, February 2014

The dream of independence in the new country of South Sudan was shattered with the outbreak of fierce fighting in mid-December 2013. Tens of thousands of people fled to safety in neighboring countries, particularly Uganda. WFP is providing food for the newly arriving refugees. Despite the challenges, the WFP team had provided food assistance to around 220,000 people by the first week in February, and is reaching more people every day – including both those sheltering in UNMISS bases, and people who have fled to more remote, hard-to-access areas. WFP is updating its emergency response plan, aiming to provide food assistance to some 1.3 million people over the next five months, a reflection of the degree to which the conflict has affected the country’s overall food security, especially in the states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.

South Sudanese refugees cross the border into the adjumani district in Uganda and are received at the Nyumazi refugee camp wjhere they receive food assistance from WFP.

 All photos: WFP/Tine Frank

From 28th to 31st January 2013, about 150 people from around the world will gather together at the FAO Headquarters in Rome for the WFP/P4P Annual Consultation.   As we enter the fifth and final year of the P4P pilot, this forum will provide a unique opportunity to reflect on the past four years and explore ways of moving forward together.    The meeting will take place over four days, with two days for discussion with all participants and two days for internal discussions.   In addition to WFP HQ and field staff, other participants will include government partners, private sector, agricultural institutions, donors and non-governmental organizations.

Top Photo: Honduras, La Merced de Chirina, Jamastran, Danli, El Paraiso, April 2010

Purchase for Progress (P4P) contributes to poverty reduction in Honduras by supporting the agricultural production of small-scale farmers and connecting them to the local market.  P4P offers a reliable market opportunity to small holders by purchasing corn and beans to distribute through school meals.
Currently, 13,000 small-scale farmers are benefitting from this project, many of them women.

Juan Martinez – is a small beans producer and he is so happy with the result of his plot. He has been supported with training and products by WFP.

Photo: WFP/Gracia Maria Espinal

Bottom left Photo: Malawi, June 2010

Landlocked Malawi, which is currently ranked 164 out of 177 on the Human Development Index, is a low-income, food-deficient and least developed country with the majority of its population of 12 million living below the poverty line.
WFP is working to connect farmers in Malawi to markets through the Purchase for Progress initiative.
P4P will contribute to the efforts by the Malawi Government in its quest to eradicate poverty and improve the welfare of Malawians by increasing income and capacity of smallholder farmers to efficiently produce
quality commodities beyond subsistence.

The P4P project aims at strengthening the productive and marketing capacities of small and low-income farmers to enable them to take advantage of the marketing opportunities beyond WFP.
WFP’s entry point to improving low-income farmers’ access to markets is to create a platform of substantial and stable demand for food staples.
Together with supply side investment and capacity building, the demand is to stimulate an increase in yields and increased volume of marketable surpluses.

Photo: WFP/Charles Hatch-Barnwell

Bottom right Photo: South Sudan, State of Central Equatoria, Kajo Keji, December 2011

P4P in South Sudan focuses its activities on enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of farmers by offering a market outlet to farmers organizations and traders, building the local capacities to process and store the grain efficiently, manage warehouses, and facilitating access to credit through guaranteed contracts. P4P and its partners work to increase farmers’ production and enhance their ability to compete in the commercial market, as well as developing market infrastructure in the form of warehouse facilities. To enable the farmers, P4P and its partners provide training in agricultural practices and facilitate access to credit through guaranteed contracts.

Since October 2010, more than 360,000 South Sudanese have returned back to the newly independent South Sudan. In mid-December Edward Kiju, Celina Poni and their families returned back to Kajo-Keji in the southern part of the country after spending most of their lives in neighbouring Uganda. WFP, who is committed to support all returnees arriving South Sudan is taking the opportunity to assist around 50 farmers with food locally produced in the Kajo-Keji area. Thanks to an already functional farmers association in the area, P4P South Sudan managed to mobilise a total of 18 metric tons of maize which is successfully being distributed to the returnees.
Photo: WFP/Ahnna Gudmunds

The set of photographs represents events tied to the World Food Programme that took place during 2012.

South Sudan, Maban, Yusuf Batil refugee camp, July 2012

Poor harvests, soaring food and fuel prices, conflict and displacement have led to rising hunger and malnutrition in South Sudan. Rains have intensified in the northern border states, and although food has been prepositioned, rising numbers of refugees from the Republic of Sudan mean increasing logistical challenges. While WFP is providing lifesaving food to meet the immediate needs of the hungry, we are also supporting agriculture and infrastructure projects to build longer-term food security in the new nation. WFP plans to provide food assistance to some 2.9 million people in South Sudan this year through general food distributions, nutrition activities, school meals, providing food for institutions and food-for-assets projects. WFP will target 600,000 children, pregnant women and nursing mothers with the vital nutrition they need, deploying smart foods like Plumpy’sup and Super Cereal to prevent irreversible damage to children’s brains and bodies from lack of nutrition. A recent Food Security and Monitoring System assessment indicates malnutrition rates among children under 5 have reached levels above the global acute malnutrition rate emergency threshold (15 percent) in four states. 

Top Photo: A woman using traditional method to carry her bags of food assistance provided to refugees by WFP at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp.

Left Photo: Man pours grains into a bag during July food distribution for refugees at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.

Right Photo: Women return to shelters after receiving food assistance provided by WFP at Yusuf Batil refugee Camp.

Photos: WFP/George Fominyen

South Sudan, Maban county, Upper Nile State, February 2012

The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has deteriorated severely in recent months. The already fragile situation that existed at the time of independence from Sudan in July 2011 has been exacerbated by a range of factors including conflict and internal population displacement, the ongoing influx of refugees from Sudan, soaring food prices and poor harvests.
It is estimated that nearly 5 million out of a population of some 9 million South Sudanese will struggle to provide food for themselves this year – of these, more than a million are estimated to be severely food insecure. WFP is planning to provide food assistance to some 2.7 million people in 2012 and is preparing to scale up operations should the situation require.
In November 2011, when fighting broke out in Blue Nile State, Maban County become home to refugees from the Republic of Sudan. The fighting in Sudan’s Blue Nile State continues to force people to flee into South Sudan. Two settlements have been established by UNHCR in Upper Nile state – Doro and Jamam. Humanitarian assistance continues to the total estimated 80,000 refugees in Maban County. WFP is providing life-saving food assistance to all refugees in South Sudan.

Photos: WFP/Ahnna Gudmunds

Hungr In The News

Top UN Official Warns Of Continued Risk Of Famine In SomaliaThe Guardian 

Mark Bowden, who leads the UN relief efforts in Somalia, says many people remain in a precarious position and would need assistance on a regular basis. Bowden said last year’s aid enabled relief agencies to reduce the number of people at risk of outright famine from 750,000 to 150,000, and prevented the spread of diarrhoeal illness and other infectious diseases through chlorination of water and increased health services.

Clinton Trip To West Africa Highlights Region’s Burgeoning Democracy, Increased U.S. InterestThe Washington Post

After an intense year of diplomacy sparked by revolution and repression across the Arab world, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton is taking stock this week of an entirely separate democratic advance a half-continent away in West Africa.

U.S. Department of State - South Sudan Women Working To Overcome Food InsecurityDipNote

Recently, after travelling on the bumpy to non-existent “roads” of South Sudan, I came away impressed — impressed with the hopeful vision of a country that has enormous potential to move quickly into a state of relative food self-sufficiency, perhaps within less than a generation. While on my field visit to the Eastern and Central Equatoria states, I witnessed the collective efforts of FAO and WFP.

Hungr In The News

ICRC Suspends Aid Distribution In SomaliaCNN

Distribution of food, seed, and medical relief intended for drought victims in Somalia has been suspended, the International Committee of the Red Cross announced Thursday. The aid intended for up to 1.1 million people has been held up because local authorities blocked distribution of ICRC food and seed relief in the Middle Shabelle and Galgaduud regions in central and southern Somalia.

57 Killed, 40 Missing As Tribe Launches Revenge Attack After Reported Massacre In South SudanThe Washington Post 

Hundreds of armed attackers from a South Sudanese tribe that suffered a devastating assault last month charged into three villages, burned them to the ground and killed 57 people, an official said Friday, an act that perpetuates a cycle of revenge attacks in the world’s newest nation. The UN mission in South Sudan estimates at least 60,000 people have been affected by the on-going violence. 

Food Inflation Abates As Grain Stocks RiseThe Financial Times 

FAO said on Thursday its food index had fallen last month to its lowest level in more than a year, reflecting reduced inflation across Asia. The drop in corn, wheat, rice, soyabeans and other agricultural commodities’ prices pushed the FAO food index in December to its lowest since October 2010. 

Hungr In The News

Going With The Grain Gives Food For ThoughtThe Sydney Morning Herald 
This month Freerice welcomed its millionth member. ”Freerice not only feeds the hungry, it supports local markets and farmers,” the WFP head of web, Pierre Guillaume Wielezynski, said. ”We also focus on sustainable solutions to enable communities to feed themselves. And, buying rice locally in Cambodia to distribute to those in need does just that.”

Tens of thousands of people who have fled tribal violence in a remote area of South Sudan are in desperate need of food, the UN said on Saturday. Fighting broke out last week between the Lou Nuer tribe and the rival Murle tribe in a remote area of the state of Jonglei.