South Sudanese Refugees Worry About Future 

The humanitarian crisis in South Sudan is becoming a regional tragedy. Tens of thousands have fled South Sudan, many to Ethiopia. Many say they had to flee mainly because of the conflict but also because there was no food or water back home. WFP is providing food assistance, including High Energy Biscuits, and nutritious food supplements for those who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition.

 In the photos: WFP implementing partner Concern measures the arm circumference of children to assess their nutritional state and to provide fortified supplementary food to the mothers and children in need.

All photos: UNMISS/JC McIlwaine

Lebanon, 8 May 2014

 

The conflict in Syria continues to impact the humanitarian situation resulting in significant humanitarian needs.  

Access to basic needs including food, water, electricity and medical supplies has been interrupted in areas witnessing armed activities. A growing number of main breadwinners have become unemployed and soaring food and fuel prices across the country have also exacerbated the situation. In response, WFP – in partnership with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) and 23 other local organizations– is providing monthly food assistance to close to 3 million Syrians and will scale up to feed 4 million people by October. Food rations contain rice, bulgur, pasta, dried and canned pulses, oil, tomato paste, salt and sugar and are enough for one month. With serious bread shortages across the country, in April WFP also started the distribution of wheat flour providing 5 kilograms of flour per person per month. WFP uses over 700 trucks a month to dispatch food to hundreds of distribution points across the country, as well as delivering other goods for the humanitarian community.  

Hundreds of thousands of families have fled the violence in their country and have taken refuge in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt. Humanitarian needs assessments in these countries showed that food is a top priority and WFP is responding to refugees’ needs with food distributions and innovative food vouchers.

 

Photo 1

A Syrian refugee at a counter in a local shop in Zahle in the Bekaa. He bought raw chicken and meat using WFP’s electronic card. With this system, refugees can buy fresh produce not normally included in food parcels.

Photo 2

 

Syrian refugee mother in her thirties, feeding bread to her baby daughter in the Bekaa where WFP helps Syrian refugees meet their food needs through the innovative E-card system. . “We wait for the electronic cards impatiently every month” says Zeinab.

 

Photo 3

Fatima, a Syrian refugee mother, in her twenties with her daughter and her niece at the door of their tent in an informal tented settlement in Saadnayel town in the Bekaa. Fatima receives WFP E-cards that are automatically loaded unto the card on a monthly basis, allowing Her to take care of her family.

 

 Photo 4

A 60 year old Syrian refugee woman with her grandson in front of their tent in a tented settlement in Saadnayel town in the Bekaa.

 

 Photo 5

“Securing food and paying the rental cost of the land for our tents are our priority needs,” Mohamad, a Syrian refugee told WFP officials during a meeting aimed at soliciting their feedback about WFP’s assistance programme and the impact of the electronic cards on refugees’ lives.

 

All photos: WFP/Laure Chadraoui

WFP Assistance to the conflict affected people in Iraq

ERBIL, Iraq – United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director Ertharin Cousin on Wednesday ended a two-day visit to Iraq, after meeting families who have fled from the violence in Mosul and holding high-level talks with the Kurdistan Regional Government and other officials.

“Yet again, another humanitarian crisis hits war-torn Iraq, disproportionately and negatively impacting the hungry poor. The most vulnerable and poorest families have already experienced their share of tragedy over the last few years,” said Cousin. “Many are displaced in very harsh conditions.  Lack of services, support and insecurity is forcing them to move around – in too many cases making these families difficult to reach.”

Cousin stopped at the Kalak transit camp – between Mosul and Erbil – and met displaced people who fled the recent fighting in Mosul. Families sat in newly erected tents and makeshift shelters in 45 degrees Celsius heat. They told her that they left their homes with only the clothes on their backs.

“Only the strong and lucky, who could walk for hours in this scorching heat or those who have the means to travel by car arrived here at the transit camp,” said Cousin. Among them was a man from Mosul, who told her he was worried he would not be able to fast during the upcoming Holy Month of Ramadan in harsh conditions with little access to water, electricity and other necessities.

“The UN and the entire humanitarian community are surging staff, releasing funds and drawing on all available stocks to assist people affected by the fighting and meet the urgent growing needs,” Cousin added.

WFP has launched an emergency operation to feed more than half a million people hit by the latest conflict in Iraq, amid security and funding challenges. Before the new wave of displacements, starting with the violence in Mosul, WFP had already been assisting 240,000 people displaced by conflict in Iraq’s al-Anbar Governorate, as well as more than 180,000 refugees from the conflict in Syria who sought refuge in Iraq.

WFP, which is funded entirely by voluntary donations, needs $US88 million for its operations in Iraq from July to December 2014.

Photo credits:

Photos 1 and 2: WFP/Abeer Etefa

Photos 3,4 5 and 6: WFP/Alessandro Pavone

Photo 7: WFP/Abeer Etefa

 

With your help WFP can score the Goal of eradicating hunger worldwide within our lifetimes.

 

One of the tools that WFP uses are the school meals projects.

Find out more on our web site: http://www.wfp.org/school-meals?icn=homepage-school-meals&ici=ourwork-link

 

Captions:

Photos 1 and 2:

Democratic Republic of the Congo 12 June 2014

 One school meal is served each day, at 10:30am. The meal is served relatively early because most students come from home without having had breakfast or anything to eat in the morning.

The school meal consists of maize flour, salt and fortified flour. Sometimes rice, peas, and beans are also included. Students from the nearby community will often bring a little of the produce that their families are able to grow to help supplement the meals and make them more tasty. In general, the students really LIKE the food – and you can see this as they eat at lunch time!

Before WFP started providing nutritious school meals at Mwamba, enrolment was not particularly high. Since 2010, the school enrolment has more than DOUBLED. Every year, they actually need to build another classroom to house more students!

You can see the difference in students’ energy levels before and after they eat lunch. Kids are more likely to raise their hands and participate in class, so teachers often work their schedules around the lunch hour ensuring their students have tests, etc. only after they’ve had their meal.

The energy that the school meal provides allows the children to have the energy necessary to learn successfully and to undertake sports such as football.

 

Photos: WFP/Rein Skullerud

 Photo three:

Jordan, Mafraq, Zaatari Camp, November 2012



WFP is providing food assistance to Syrian refugees in camps, transit centres and for families staying with host communities throughout Jordan. During the month of October, WFP transitioned from the provision of hot meals in Zaatari refugee camp in Mafraq Governorate and King Abdullah Park transit centre in Ramtha Governorate to the distribution of dry rations that the refugees can cook themselves. The monthly food basket includes rice, bulgur wheat, pulses (yellow split peas), sugar and salt in addition to a daily bread distribution to the refugees. The camp currently houses some 20,000 Syrian refugees (though this figure changes daily given the arrivals and departures) of which 75 percent are women and children. UNHCR and WFP have set up over 100 communal kitchens around the camp to allow the refugees to prepare their own meals from WFP food basket as per their local taste. This will also diversify the food consumption. 100 more kitchens are still under preparation. WFP continues to provide welcome food packets to new arrivals in Zaatari refugee camp, many of whom have made a long and risky journey to the Jordanian border. Elsewhere in the country, WFP is assisting Syrians living in host communities and plans to reach 250,000 by the end of the year through food vouchers or distributions of food baskets. The conflict in Syria has hit food prices in Jordan. Food exports from Syria have been disrupted and this, together with poor harvests this year in Jordan due to an especially dry and hot summer, have led to a steep increase in vegetable prices. The Jordanian Department of Statistics have recently cited a 32 percent increase in vegetable prices this July as compared to 2011.

Eslam, 9, is Zaatari camp’s Messi. Wearing Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi’s no. 10 shirt, Eslam plays football every day in the camp with his friends and neighbours from Daraa from where they fled. Eslam goes to the camp’s school in the mornings and by noon he begins his daily football match. His team includes both girls and boys.

 



Photo: WFP/Reem Nada

 Photo four:

Cameroon, Lolo, 29 May 2014

 



Almost 90,000 people have fled across the border between C.A.R. and Cameroon since December 2013.
Up to 2,000 people a week, mostly women and children, reach Cameroon through more than 30 entry points along a 700-kilometre stretch of border. Acute malnutrition rates among refugees are between 20 and 30 percent according to WFP and UNHCR screening, well above the emergency threshold of 15 percent.

“Women and children are arriving in Cameroon in a shocking state, after weeks, sometimes months, on the road, foraging for food. This is the most recent tragedy resulting from the escalating bloodshed that has torn C.A.R. apart. We must all act now or more children will needlessly suffer.  We must intervene to save lives and prevent a worsening situation, ” said Cousin. “After they finally escape the danger they faced in C.A.R., children and women who flee  must not die from malnutrition” she added.
WFP has provided 30-day general food rations to 44,700 refugees and stateless people since 22 May.  In response to the grim condition of many new arrivals from C.A.R., WFP began in early May distributing specialized nutritious food at some entry points and refugee sites. Distribution of highly nutritious food to all children under five is underway at Borgop Lolo, Mbile, Gado Ghiti and Kenzu in Cameroon. All pregnant women and new mothers are receiving fortified porridge.

The second of two WFP-chartered aircraft – with a total of 127 metric tons of WFP high energy biscuits and ready-to-eat especially nutritious foods – has arrived in Cameroon today from the UN’s humanitarian hub in Dubai. The first plane arrived in Cameroon on Sunday.
The 90,000 people who have fled into Cameroon are spread over more than 300 sites across 50,000 square kilometres in the East and Adamawa regions. The logistical challenge of reaching them is compounded  by rains and poor roads, which mean that conditions in camps and host settlements are bound to deteriorate.
More than 226,000 refugees and third country nationals have fled violence in C.A.R. since September. Of the refugees 86,068 are in Cameroon, 14,000 in Chad, 14,141 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, and 8,891 in Republic of Congo. All of them are in need humanitarian assistance.
WFP’s operations to help feed the hundreds of thousands or people who have fled C.A.R. to four surrounding countries have an average shortfall of 70 percent or more.

In the Photo: Lolo refugees’ site.  Children start playing again after weeks or months of a terrible journey in the bush to escape violence in CAR.



 

Photo: WFP/Sylvain Cherkaoui

 

 

Cameroon, May 2014

Almost 90,000 people have fled across the border between C.A.R. and Cameroon since December 2013.
Up to 2,000 people a week, mostly women and children, reach Cameroon through more than 30 entry points along a 700-kilometre stretch of border. Acute malnutrition rates among refugees are between 20 and 30 percent according to WFP and UNHCR screening, well above the emergency threshold of 15 percent.

“Women and children are arriving in Cameroon in a shocking state, after weeks, sometimes months, on the road, foraging for food. This is the most recent tragedy resulting from the escalating bloodshed that has torn C.A.R. apart. We must all act now or more children will needlessly suffer.  We must intervene to save lives and prevent a worsening situation, ” said Cousin. “After they finally escape the danger they faced in C.A.R., children and women who flee  must not die from malnutrition” she added.
WFP has provided 30-day general food rations to 44,700 refugees and stateless people since 22 May.  In response to the grim condition of many new arrivals from C.A.R., WFP began in early May distributing specialized nutritious food at some entry points and refugee sites. Distribution of highly nutritious food to all children under five is underway at Borgop Lolo, Mbile, Gado Ghiti and Kenzu in Cameroon. All pregnant women and new mothers are receiving fortified porridge.

The second of two WFP-chartered aircraft – with a total of 127 metric tons of WFP high energy biscuits and ready-to-eat especially nutritious foods – has arrived in Cameroon today from the UN’s humanitarian hub in Dubai. The first plane arrived in Cameroon on Sunday.
The 90,000 people who have fled into Cameroon are spread over more than 300 sites across 50,000 square kilometres in the East and Adamawa regions. The logistical challenge of reaching them is compounded  by rains and poor roads, which mean that conditions in camps and host settlements are bound to deteriorate.
More than 226,000 refugees and third country nationals have fled violence in C.A.R. since September. Of the refugees 86,068 are in Cameroon, 14,000 in Chad, 14,141 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, and 8,891 in Republic of Congo. All of them are in need humanitarian assistance.
WFP’s operations to help feed the hundreds of thousands or people who have fled C.A.R. to four surrounding countries have an average shortfall of 70 percent or more.

In the Photos: WFP is distributing food rations for a month and provide plumpy sup and super cereal to children and nursing women. Super cereals will be distributed with the next GFD.
Families staying at Gbiti refugees site are receiving food rations for a months. Super cereal to prevent malnutrition will be included in next distributions.

Photos: WFP/Sylvain Cherkaoui

Lebanon, May 2014

 The conflict in Syria continues to impact the humanitarian situation resulting in significant humanitarian needs.  

Access to basic needs including food, water, electricity and medical supplies has been interrupted in areas witnessing armed activities. A growing number of main breadwinners have become unemployed and soaring food and fuel prices across the country have also exacerbated the situation. In response, WFP – in partnership with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) and 23 other local organizations– is providing monthly food assistance to close to 3 million Syrians and will scale up to feed 4 million people by October. Food rations contain rice, bulgur, pasta, dried and canned pulses, oil, tomato paste, salt and sugar and are enough for one month. With serious bread shortages across the country, in April WFP also started the distribution of wheat flour providing 5 kilograms of flour per person per month. WFP uses over 700 trucks a month to dispatch food to hundreds of distribution points across the country, as well as delivering other goods for the humanitarian community.  

Hundreds of thousands of families have fled the violence in their country and have taken refuge in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt. Humanitarian needs assessments in these countries showed that food is a top priority and WFP is responding to refugees’ needs with food distributions and innovative food vouchers.

(source, wfp.org)

 In the photos Syrian refugees in Lebanon.

Photo: 1

“Securing food and paying the rental cost of the land for our tents are our priority needs,” Mohamad, a Syrian refugee told WFP officials during a meeting aimed at soliciting their feedback about WFP’s assistance programme and the impact of the electronic cards on refugees’ lives.

 Photo: 2

 Syrian refugee holding his WFP electronic card (e-card) which allowed him to buy food from a local contracted shop in Zahle in the Bekaa. WFP started providing food assistance to Syrian refugees through e-cards for the first time in Lebanon in September 2013, shifting from the paper voucher system.

 Photo: 3

Syrian refugee mother in her thirties, feeding bread to her baby daughter in the Bekaa where WFP helps Syrian refugees meet their food needs through the innovative E-card system. . “We wait for the electronic cards impatiently every month” says Zeinab .

Photo: 4

A Syrian refugee at a counter in a local shop in Zahle in the Bekaa. He bought raw chicken and meat using WFP’s electronic card. With this system, refugees can buy fresh produce not normally included in food parcels.

 All photos: WFP/Laure Chadraoui

Sheddar Somali Refugee Camp (Jijiga), Somali region, Ethiopia, July 2013 and February 2014

 

July 2013: WFP AND ECHO START CASH DISTRIBUTIONS TO SOMALI REFUGEES IN ETHIOPIA 
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has launched its first cash distributions to refugees in Ethiopia in July 2013, with the financial support of the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO).
More than 12,000 refugees started receiving monthly cash entitlements last week in addition to a monthly food allocation in a pilot project in Sheddar refugee camp in the Somali regional state capital of Jijiga.
“Our main aim is to find the best way to meet refugee needs,” said Dr. Johan Heffinck from ECHO Ethiopia. “Providing cash directly to people can be more effective, as well as empowering for the refugees, since it allows them decide for themselves what their families need most.”
WFP’s food assistance to vulnerable communities traditionally has been provided in the form of food rations. However, when conditions are right and the local market is responsive enough, WFP can use different tools such as cash or vouchers, which give people more choice and also benefit the local economy.
“The cash allows refugees to have more control in diversifying their diets, and they can buy milk, vegetables or pasta directly from the local market,” said Abdou Dieng, Country Director for WFP Ethiopia.

 

Refugees at Sheddar camp are now receiving a monthly ration of 13.9 kilograms of food, including wheat, rice, pulses, corn-soya blend, oil, sugar and salt, as well as a cash allocation of 100 Ethiopian Birr (US$5) per person.
About 13,000 additional refugees will also start receiving cash in the same region in October. The pilot initiative will last until December 2013.



 

February 2014 - Sheddar Somali Refugee Camp (Jijiga), Somali region, Ethiopia. E

 ight months later and the cash distribution project is ongoing shifting from pilot to a regular operation. Besides cash transfers, Somali refugees at Sheddar also receive monthly WFP rations of wheat, pulses, rice, enriched blended food (known as CSB+), vegetable oil, sugar and salt.



 

Photos 1-3 (July 2013): WFP/Giulio d’Adamo

 

1.A Somali refugee counts the cash she has received at a distribution center at Sheder camp in Ethiopia’s Somali region, as part of WFP’s new initiative to distribute both food and cash here. Most of the camp’s residents are refugees from Somalia — who account for a large share of Ethiopia’s refugee population.

2. Receiving the cash

3. From left to right:
- Ms. Zemzem Mohammed Musse, beneficiary;
- Mr. Melese Awoke, WFP Public Information Assistant;
- Ms. Maria Suleiman, WFP food aid monitor in JIjiga.

“I arrived here in 2008 with my 8 children.  My husband left me in fear of clan conflict when we were in Somalia.  I had to flee to Ethiopia.  It took me 7 days and 7 nights to reach here in this camp.  I have been receiving food and shelter.  I cannot express my happiness that cash is also added to the assistance we are being given.  With the money I received I bought all these food items, (ie onion, spaghetti, pepper, washing powder, etc.) Now I will also be able to pay back my debts.  There seems to be no peace in Somalia in all four directions and we are seeing forward for the donor community to do its best in finding a permanent settlement in some other countries.”


 

Photos 4-6 (February 2014): WFP/Kiyori Ueno

 

4. A Somali refugee counts the cash she has received at a distribution center at Sheder camp in Ethiopia’s Somali region, as part of WFP’s new initiative to distribute both food and cash here. Most of the camp’s residents are refugees from Somalia — who account for a large share of Ethiopia’s refugee population.

5-6. Somali refugee Hamdiya Ali Farah uses the cash she received from WFP to buy fresh vegetables at a local market. Hamdiya lives at Ethiopia’s Sheder refugee camp, located 55 km from the Somali regional capital of Jijiga.


 

Central African Republic, May 2014

The recent violence has wrecked countless lives in C.A.R., its effects have hit children the hardest. Forced to flee their homes and abandon school, they often find their parents now cannot feed them adequately. Children are more likely to die from malnutrition than from bullets in this crisis. 

Even before the crisis began, malnutrition rates in C.A.R. were among the worst in the world. Almost half of children under five suffered from stunted growth (a condition caused by malnutrition), and 25 percent were underweight. The conflict has only made matters worse; with C.A.R.’s only pediatric hospital registering a 62 percent increase in the number of children hospitalized with severe acute malnutrition compared to the previous year.Since January, WFP has provided supplemental nutrition support to approximately 25,000 malnourished children each month, offering some hope to their desperate mothers.”

All photos: WFP/Melissa Chemam

Over a million South Sudanese have been displaced by the on-going conflict since December. WFP continues to provide food by any means possible to those in need. Here are nine key facts about the hunger crisis in South Sudan.

1. South Sudan ranks as the 11th country in the world for child hunger, with 32.5% of children under the age of 5 underweight.

2. Even before the current conflict, 50.6% of South Sudan’s population lived below the poverty line.

3. South Sudan was making progress against hunger before the conflict. Experts said that ‘food security’ in 2013 was better than it had been in 5 years.

4. With over a million people forced from their homes, the conflict is reversing some of the progress made recently.  

5. Disruption to trade routes and food markets mean the conflict is increasing hunger even in areas not affected by the fighting.

6. About 60% of South Sudan is inaccessible by road during the rainy season, complicating relief efforts by WFP and other agencies.

7. Around 803,000 people are displaced inside South Sudan. Having lost their livelihoods, almost all need food assistance.

8. Some 270,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries since December. Between 4,000 and 5,000 pour into Ethiopia weekly, many with high rates of malnutrition.

9. WFP has reached more than 502,000 people affected by the conflict so far.  In total, WFP aims to assist roughly 2.5 million people in South Sudan.

If you would like to support WFP’s emergency operations in South Sudan,  make a donation at http://www.wfp.org/countries/south-sudan

Full article: http://www.wfp.org/stories/south-sudan-9-hunger-facts

Photos: WFP/Giulio d’Adamo

Central African Republic, Bangui 29 March 2014



Children’s lives are at risk!

 Before the conflict started, half of the children in the Central African Republic were stunted due to malnutrition. Now, continuing violence and economic instability are making a bad situation worse.

More than 800,000 people have had to flee their homes. Unemployment is widespread. Without emergency food assistance from WFP, parents are unable to feed their children.

Alexia Laka took refuge with her husband and children, Ngoma Joseph (6), Endjimbremba Sahara (4), Koyabade Florex (1 ½ ) at the IDP camp next to the Eglise des Freres Castors, since then she and her family have been seeking for the means to leave the country.

“I left my house in the YasiMandi neighbourhood on Christmas day to come to this IDP centre. Before the crisis I had good access to food because my husband was working as a private security guard, and I was a housewife. Now my husband does not have a job any longer and is here with me in the camp all day. I am eight months pregnant and we are struggling to get enough food for our three children and us. Since we’ve been here, we only received food rations, in March. I want to leave the country, as me and my children don’t have anything to eat here; the kids often fall sick and I don’t have the means to cure them. I ask the entire world to help us get out of this situation. I wish that my husband could find a job to be able to provide for my children and myself. Now I am really worried for my baby as the living conditions here are not good enough for a newly born baby.” Said Alexia.

All photos: WFP/Rein Skullerud

  

“We must not wait until pictures of skeletal, severely underweight children can document our failure and neglect.”

 

- Ertharin Cousin, Executive Director of the World Food Programme -

  

Your help for these families is needed just follow this link:

http://cdn.wfp.org/2014/central-african-republic-crisis/?utm_source=Homepage&utm_medium=Main-Banner&utm_campaign=31-March

 

 

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